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Thursday, September 15, 2011

Arcadio Maxilom y Molero-Cebuano Hero

Thursday, September 15, 2011 Posted by Vernon Go , , , No comments
General Arcadio Maxilom y Molero (November 13, 1862–August 10, 1924) was a Filipino teacher and hero of the Philippine Revolution. He was born in Tuburan, Cebu to Roberto Maxilom (His father was a gobernadorcillo of Tuburan from the years 1862-65), the town gobernadorcillo, and Gregoria Molero. His family were members of the local gentry, or principalía.

Maxilom’s first exposure to education was through the cartilla. Later on, his education was further broadened by a Tuburan parish priest who tutored him. From the years 1877-1881, Maxilom was a school teacher in Tuburan. He worked as a teacher in the local school before joining the Katipunan, whose activities in Cebu were led by a young Negrense, León Kilat.

In 1882, he became a secretary of the Court of Peace in Tuburan. This was a position that he held until 1888. After this, he was voted to become a 2nd lieutenant by the principalia in the area. In 1892, he was elected as gobernadorcillo until 1894. Afterwards, he became the municipal captain until 1896.

After Kilat's betrayal and assassination, Maxilom continued the revolution in Cebu. Under his command, the Katipunan was able to regroup in the central highlands, which Spanish forces found impenetrable. On December 16, 1898, Maxilom wrote a letter to the Spanish authorities in Cebu, demanding that the latter surrender. Weary after incessant fighting, the Spaniards quickly responded, asking Maxilom for two to three days to leave the province. By Christmas Eve, the Spaniards have left, leaving behind only three Catholic clerics.

Little did the Cebuanos, indeed, all Filipinos, know that their newfound liberty would be short-lived, Spain having already been forced to sell the fate of their former subjects to the United States for twenty million dollars (Treaty of Paris).

Maxilom is best remembered for stubbornly refusing to surrender to the American occupying forces even as his fellow revolutionaries in Manila and Cebu were starting to capitulate or collaborate with the new colonial power. He finally surrendered on October 27, 1901.

Virtually forgotten after the revolution, Maxilom died in his hometown of Tuburan, after a long bout with paralysis, on August 10, 1924. His funeral cortège, joined in by leading revolutionary figures including Emilio Aguinaldo, stretched some four kilometers, in what remains to this day the longest in Cebu's history.

Mango Avenue, one of Cebu City's main thoroughfares, was renamed General Maxilom Avenue in honor of the great Cebuano revolutionary general. It was also previously called mango avenue because before the buildings along side the road, they were all Mango Trees (What an awesome sight could that have been!).

Source: Here and HERE
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